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Direct address is indicated by the use of a comma or commas, depending upon its placement within the sentence. But direct address can occur anywhere in a sentence. If the name is not the last word in the sentence then a comma should follow it also. In English, when you address someone (or something) directly, the name you use is offset with a comma (if it's at the start or end of the sentence) or two commas (if it's in the middle ). Congratulations, Michael! In all the examples of direct address above, we’ve put the name of the person being addressed at the end of the sentence, like in the following: Here is the cake you ordered , Simon. Dude, that’s awesome. The reason is "direct address." Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. Rule: When a speaker in a sentence names the person to whom he is speaking, this addressing of his audience is called direct address. Here are some clues to help you decide whether the sentence element is essential: 3. Example: I’m going to the beach today, Mom. Use a comma for direct address. We use commas to show that we are talking to the reader, not about the reader.. Hello, Rene. [I]n formal writing, direct address takes a comma before the person’s name. 1. As a result, the reference to Cassini in the following sentence no longer makes sense. Now be very, very careful. USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS. When you address someone directly, their name is said to be in the vocative case. Danny, thank you for your thoughtful message. Nicole Fornabaio/rd.com, shutterstock . We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. 2. Define vocative comma: the definition of the vocative comma is the comma used in the vocative case when addressing someone or something. To sum up, the vocative comma: addresses individuals directly; is used to offset the addressee; may offset the addressee at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence Answer: Yes, you need to use a comma between the person’s name and the greeting. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Always use a comma before directly addressing someone or something in a sentence. Use a comma to separate each element in an address. 6. One could argue, however, that e-mails aren’t formal, and that there’s little harm in streamlining for the sake of efficiency. The same rules apply for titles. I hope you know, Donelle, that we appreciate your hard work. But almost every time I see a direct address in my e-mail in-box, it has no comma before the name. The sentence still works grammatically, but we do not know which spacecraft the sentence is referring to. In the examples below, the words in the vocative case are shaded: Hi June, It does, however, have a comma after the name. Again, no sense = no commas. Also use a comma after a city-state combination within a sentence. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause. I think, John, you’re wrong. The name is therefore essential, meaning that no commas should be used. Goodbye, Norma Jean. If they're at the end or beginning of a sentence, of course, the period at the end of the sentence precludes the need for a second comma. (But see exceptions below.) In a sentence but we do not know which spacecraft the sentence also use a comma should follow also. [ I ] n formal writing, direct address can occur anywhere in a sentence comma the... No comma before to indicate the end to indicate the end to indicate the of. 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