„In this groundbreaking book, Francesco Duina skillfully challenges popular wisdom about globalization and contrasts economic visions of integration with social conceptions of how markets work. By comparing three different regional trade agreements, the book provides an exceptional insight into how global models are being adopted and varying around the world. Case studies on the standardization of reality are original and refreshing, and the book`s rigorous analysis of the law will be a compelling read for scientists, practitioners and policy makers. John K. Glenn, Director of Foreign Affairs, German Marshall Fund of the United States in 1994, became the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with the goal of abolishing tariffs and creating a free trade system between the nations of Mexico, the United States and Canada. Who has benefited the most from this trade policy? Although NAFTA excludes the protection of workers and the environment, it has been very profitable for capitalists. The agricultural industry, heavily subsidized in the United States and Canada, pushed many small-scale Mexican farmers to the end of business. As a result, more than one million Mexican farmers have been driven off their land. These farms have been replaced by a large-scale agricultural industry, mainly owned by foreign companies. As a result, there are fewer jobs in agriculture, because these companies are more likely to use machines and other forms of high-tech equipment. One of the arguments in favour of NAFTA and globalization is that Mexico is in the early stages of modernization. When industrialization took place in the United States, factory workers received low wages and had little protection from the government. However, when workers formed unions demanding better wages and working conditions, factory owners eventually gave in to their demands. Some say this model will occur in Mexico and other parts of the world, which are in the process of industrialization and modernization.

One factor that contradicts this argument, however, is that most plants along the Mexican-American. The border is foreign property. When workers start demanding higher wages from employers, they simply close the factory and move to another free trade area or border town. Also, unlike industrialization in the United States, the Mexican economy is not so much to benefit from the emerging industry, due to the fact that most of the products made in the Maquiladoras are back in the United States and other high-income countries to be sold to consumers who can actually make them. Addiction theorists argue that the outcome of the North American Free Trade Agreement is Mexico`s dependence on foreign investment and a cycle of poverty and underdevelopment because of its inability to profit from globalization. „This is a very important and well-written book. Contrary to current literature, transnational regional markets have not been created on their own or spontaneously. Nor did they come together as a common model.

Instead, they were built socially through a process of political negotiations, struggles and negotiations.